CLEAPSS Supporting practical science and technology
PP077 - Metal oxide reduction with carbon
The reactivity series is an essential part of chemistry study in both KS3 and KS4. The extractions of metals from their ores are important industrial and historical reactions.This procedure makes use of steel bottle top crucibles. These are considerably cheaper than porcelain or nickel crucibles. The advantage of this method is that it uses very small amounts of chemicals and can easily be undertaken by students.