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CLEAPSS Chemistry
Detailed guidance on how to carry out specific chemistry practical activities so they work and are safe.

Chemistry Procedures
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Sulfuric(VI) acid does not exhibit the usual properties of an acid unless it is dissolved in water. In this activity, the concentrated acid acts as a dehydrating agent, removing the water of crystalli.. more

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Concentrated sulfuric(VI) acid acts as both a dehydrating and oxidising agent with organic material such as carbohydrates. The carbon produced by dehydration is then oxidised to carbon dioxide and car.. more

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Sulfuric(VI) acid does not exhibit the usual properties of an acid unless it is dissolved in water. In this activity, the concentrated acid acts as an oxidising agent. Copper is oxidised to copper(II).. more

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Concentrated sulfuric(VI) acid reacts with solid samples of Group 1 halides (chloride, bromide or iodide) to form hydrogen halide gases and other products. The activity illustrates the behaviour of co.. more

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Electroplating is an important industrial application of electrolysis and is studied in many pre-16 and post-16 courses. Electroplating processes often involve coating a metal object with another meta.. more

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Making solutions is an essential skill in chemistry. When accuracy is required (eg, for titration work), a volumetric flask is used.

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The use of a pipette is essential for delivering accurate volumes of liquid and carrying out volumetric analysis. It is important that the correct handling of the apparatus is carefully taught. The te.. more

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The use of a burette is essential for delivering accurate volumes of liquid and carrying out volumetric analysis. It is important that the correct handling of the apparatus and titration technique are.. more

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This important technique is one of the essential skills in chemistry and involves using a burette to accurately measure the volume of one solution that is required to react completely with a known vol.. more

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This activity dramatically shows the effect of a catalyst, cobalt(II) ions, on a reaction. Other characteristic properties of transition metals (eg, coloured ions, different oxidation state) can be ob.. more

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